Insights |Investigations

4th August 2021

Cyber fraud and ‘persons unknown’

On 20 September 2018, His Honour Judge Waksman upheld the UK arm of natural resources company China Molybdenum Company’s (CMOC) claims against 28 individuals as well as ‘persons unknown’ for the recovery of money stolen through online fraud.

Unknown individuals had hacked in to CMOC’s systems and sent forged payment instructions to CMOC’s bank, resulting in the fraudulent diversion of millions of pounds into bank accounts held by a large number of international and overseas banks, operating across multiple jurisdictions. CMOC v Persons Unknown [2018] EWHC 2230 (Comm) is a landmark case because it is the first time that the High Court has granted a worldwide freezing injunction against alleged anonymous perpetrators involving cyber fraud in England and Wales. Up until this point, injunctions against ‘persons unknown’...
These insights
are classified

Get free, unlimited access to our most in-depth articles and insights.

contact us online or by phone

Get the advice you need

Our expert consultants are on hand to give you the support you need.

What are you looking for?

Get the advice you need

Deep dive for the answers you need
Or contact us on +44 (0)843 515 8686 or at

Deep dive for the
answers you need

Lawyers, accountants, advisors, investors, senior
management. You name it, we help them find the answers
they need. Ready to discover how we can help you?